Ulcerative colitis is further categorized according to the part of the digestive tract it affects:
Ulcerative proctitis: The inflammation is confined to the area closest to the rectum (anus). Rectal bleeding may be the only sign of this form of colitis. However, this form does tend to be the mildest.
Proctosigmoiditis: The inflammation involves the rectum and sigmoid colon (lower end of the colon). Signs and symptoms include bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramping and pain, and the inability to move the bowels, despite the urge to do so.
Left-sided colitis: The inflammation extends from the rectum up through the sigmoid colon and the descending colon. Signs and symptoms include bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramping, and pain that is focused on the left side, and unintended weight loss.
Pancolitis: The inflammation affects the entire colon, causing periods of severe diarrhea (most often bloody), abdominal cramping and pain, fatigue, and significant weight loss.
Acute severe ulcerative colitis: The inflammation affects the entire colon, causes extreme pain, severe diarrhea, bleeding, fever, and the inability to eat. This is the rarest form of colitis with the most intense symptoms.
Any form of colitis can result in severe complications. Some of the most severe complications consist of severe bleeding, a perforated colon (a hole in the colon), severe dehydration, inflammation of your skin, joints, and eyes, or toxic megacolon (a rapidly swelling colon).
Even though medications are available to provide some relief for some colitis symptoms, there is no known cure. In the most severe cases, the complications of colitis can become life-threatening and may require surgery.
When the symptoms are severe, don’t you wish something can relieve the pain safely without medication or surgery?